Topic 1 in ETL501 considers the learning and teaching context of information resource provision. That's a bit of a mouthful, but basically it is concerned with the fact that if you're a librarian in a school, you have to consider the information needs of your clientele (students and teachers) in terms of the teaching and learning that is going on.
The way that students learn may differ, as may the teaching approaches of different teachers.
Module 1 of our online study material considers learning in terms of Bloom's Taxonomy. (You can see a graphic representation of it at the top of this post.) We were asked to consider the different sorts of resources students would require when tackling questions at each level of the taxonomy. For example, when asked for a simple definition of a term (Knowledge), a dictionary may be sufficient, but when asked to make an assessment on a complex issue (Evaluate), they will need multiple sources of information including encyclopaedia/reference, primary sources, diagrams/graphics, news/magazine articles, journal articles, TV/DVD programs, websites, relevant government agencies or special interest groups, pamphlets/fact sheets and statistics (such as scientific data).
My fellow students have had a lot of interesting things to say on our forum. Three points interest me particularly:
- Linda Blake points out that often literature can provide a new perspective on various issues, and can make them more accessible for some students.
- Judy Bolton points out that using different resources provides opportunities for students to learn different skills. For instance, when using texts, encyclopaedias and reference books, attention can be paid to using the glossary, index and table of contents. When using human primary sources the skills of interviewing, notetaking and summarising may be brought to the fore.
- Judy also mentions that when students are working at the stages of Analyse and Evaluate, databases such as Opposing Viewpoints, Newstext and Aust/NZ Ref. Centre will be useful.
If you would like to know a little more about using Bloom's Taxonomy when teaching, head to http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/researchskills/dalton.htm to get some ideas.